Unlike the Model T Ford and Volkswagen, Citroen 2cV not targeted at residents and workers, but most of the population in France, namely the farmers. In the mid-1930s, Citroen started to develop a revolutionary automobile that will be known as 2cV. As the same era Volkswagen, 2cV is designed to be a “people’s car” and put the country on wheels. 2cV is almost no change in 4 decades. For most of the time of his life, was sold as an entry-level Citroen. However, from the late 70s it was seen as an icon of a car (thanks to the classic look) and very popular for the yuppies. When stopped production in 1990, already in production for 42 years, plus more than 10 years of production techniques to freeze! more than 5 million cars sold, especially in Europe.
Simple car weighs only 500 kg, so do not need more than a small engine. Its air-cooled flat-2 engine simple and reliable. At first it was displaced 375cc and produces only 9 horsepower. According to Autocar’s road test was capable of only 41 mph and 0-60 in … well, depending on the slope decreased. But for farmers who use the car instead of their carriage, which 2cV just perfect. And it returned 63.2 mpg incredible to please farmers.
Interestingly, 2cV name stands for “deux chevaux” in France or “2 horse power” in English. This is assessed in accordance with the ancient tax horsepower formula (calculated on the basis of engine capacity and has no relationship whatsoever to the actual power output). In reality, of course, the car is more horsepower than that. Subsequent years, the engine was enlarged to 424cc (12hp), 435cc (26hp) and 602cc (28hp first, then upgraded to 33hp). They really equivalent to 4CV and tax 6CV horsepower. However, Citroen continues now known 2cV name and vice versa, 2CV4 and call them to distinguish 2CV6.
Current average ratings.